Expert Workgroup

Elizabeth Carter, PhD

Virginia Department of Professions, Healthcare Workforce Data Center

Dr. Carter is the Director of the Virginia Department of Health Professions Healthcare Workforce Data Center. She is also Executive Director for the Virginia Board of Health Professions where she has served since 2002. She was its Deputy Executive Director from 1994 to 2002 and Executive Director for the Virginia Board of Optometry and Board of Veterinary Medicine from 1992 to 2009. In 1986, she earned a doctorate in experimental psychology from Virginia Commonwealth University. Between academia and state government, she served as a senior compensation analyst for an international human resources consulting firm and focused on survey research for multiple industries.

Her current responsibilities include overseeing policy research and advising on issues pertaining to the regulation of health professions, healthcare workforce, strategic planning and operations, as well as data governance and analytics. She has directed over 100 studies for Virginia relating to scope of practice, credentialing, board disciplinary decision-making, and healthcare workforce. She has presented at numerous state and national meetings for public- and private-sector organizations and has authored peer-review articles for the Journal of Medical Licensure and Discipline, Journal of Nursing Regulation and Encyclopedia of Educational Research. The Council on Licensure, Enforcement and Regulation, National Governors Association National Conference of State Legislatures and Council of State Governments have recognized her work for its innovative empirical approach.

Katie Gaul, MA

South Carolina Office for Healthcare Workforce and South Carolina AHEC

Katie Gaul directs the South Carolina Office for Healthcare Workforce (SCOHW) at the South Carolina AHEC Program Office. Katie oversees SCOHW’s research and service portfolio, supports the efforts of SC AHEC, and helps stakeholders across the state with their healthcare workforce data needs.

Prior to this role, Katie was a senior policy analyst in the National Governors Association Center for Best Practices Health Division and a research associate with the health workforce and rural health research programs at the Cecil G. Sheps Center for Health Services Research at UNC Chapel Hill. She also served as deputy director of the HRSA-funded Health Workforce Technical Assistance Center based at the Center for Health Workforce Studies at the University of Albany, SUNY. Katie’s expertise is built from assisting in the development of state health workforce data systems in multiple states; supporting state and national projects related to health workforce education, practice, and policy; and connecting researchers, policy makers, and others to timely and objective health workforce data and information.

Shawnda Schroeder, PhD, MA

Rural Health Research Gateway

Dr. Shawnda Schroeder, PhD, MA is a research associate professor for the Center for Rural Health (CRH) at the University of North Dakota (UND) School of Medicine & Health Sciences in Grand Forks. Dr. Schroeder participates in rural health research, directs state program evaluation, and supervises graduate student internship and practicum experiences at the CRH. Dr. Schroeder serves as principal investigator of the Rural Health Research Gateway, a website that provides access to publications and projects funded through the Federal Office of Rural Health Policy. Under the Mountain Plains Mental Health Technology Transfer Center, she provides training on rural mental health, leads web content development, and conducts research on stigma as well as mental health training needs. Her research interests include healthcare access, health disparities, workforce, and oral health. Dr. Schroeder is the lead for several oral health studies, serving on statewide and national oral health coalitions and workgroups. She is a member of the editorial board for the Journal of Rural Health, and is an elected member of the UND School of Medicine & Health Sciences’ Research Committee.

Stephen Holloway, MPH

Colorado Primary Care Office

Steve Holloway, MPH, is Branch Chief of the Health Access Branch and Director of the Primary Care Office at the Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment. The branch hosts work emphasizing the needs of medically underserved populations and acts through workforce analysis, access to care policy development, health systems data, and practice incentives such as loan repayment. Steve serves on several boards and commissions, which address the needs of the medically underserved including the Colorado Primary Care Payment Reform Collaborative, the Colorado Health Extension Service Steering Committee, and the Sewall Child Development Center where he is Chairman. Steve is a member of the Institutional Review Board for Human Subjects Research at the Department of Health and Environment and was appointed in 2010 by the US Secretary of Health and Human Services to serve on a Negotiated Rule Making Committee chartered under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act.