Expert Workgroup

Clark Ruttinger, MPA, MBA

Utah Medical Education Council

Clark Ruttinger is the Director of Workforce Research as well as the Director of Utah’s Nursing Workforce Information Center for the Utah Medical Education Council. In this capacity, Mr. Ruttinger tracks supply, demand and educational program data about Utah’s healthcare workforce and works with stakeholders to develop usable information to better inform policy and strategic planning decisions. A major goal of this work is to facilitate communication and collaboration between public and private entities as they pursue common workforce planning efforts across the State of Utah. He uses the tools of data visualization, data science, and graph databases to describe the complex interconnections within the healthcare delivery system. Clark was board President of the National Forum of State Nursing Workforce Centers in 2020-21 and co-author of the 2020 National Nursing Workforce Survey conducted by the NCSBN. Clark has been a grant reviewer for HRSA since 2010. Mr. Ruttinger has a Masters of Public Administration with emphasis in program and policy evaluation. He also holds a Masters of Business Administration with a certificate in information systems, both from the University of Utah.

Elizabeth Carter, PhD

Virginia Department of Professions, Healthcare Workforce Data Center

Dr. Carter is the Director of the Virginia Department of Health Professions Healthcare Workforce Data Center. She is also Executive Director for the Virginia Board of Health Professions where she has served since 2002. She was its Deputy Executive Director from 1994 to 2002 and Executive Director for the Virginia Board of Optometry and Board of Veterinary Medicine from 1992 to 2009. In 1986, she earned a doctorate in experimental psychology from Virginia Commonwealth University. Between academia and state government, she served as a senior compensation analyst for an international human resources consulting firm and focused on survey research for multiple industries.

Her current responsibilities include overseeing policy research and advising on issues pertaining to the regulation of health professions, healthcare workforce, strategic planning and operations, as well as data governance and analytics. She has directed over 100 studies for Virginia relating to scope of practice, credentialing, board disciplinary decision-making, and healthcare workforce. She has presented at numerous state and national meetings for public- and private-sector organizations and has authored peer-review articles for the Journal of Medical Licensure and Discipline, Journal of Nursing Regulation and Encyclopedia of Educational Research. The Council on Licensure, Enforcement and Regulation, National Governors Association National Conference of State Legislatures and Council of State Governments have recognized her work for its innovative empirical approach.

Katie Gaul, MA

South Carolina Office for Healthcare Workforce and South Carolina AHEC

Katie Gaul directs the South Carolina Office for Healthcare Workforce (SCOHW) at the South Carolina AHEC Program Office. Katie oversees SCOHW’s research and service portfolio, supports the efforts of SC AHEC, and helps stakeholders across the state with their healthcare workforce data needs.

Prior to this role, Katie was a senior policy analyst in the National Governors Association Center for Best Practices Health Division and a research associate with the health workforce and rural health research programs at the Cecil G. Sheps Center for Health Services Research at UNC Chapel Hill. She also served as deputy director of the HRSA-funded Health Workforce Technical Assistance Center based at the Center for Health Workforce Studies at the University of Albany, SUNY. Katie’s expertise is built from assisting in the development of state health workforce data systems in multiple states; supporting state and national projects related to health workforce education, practice, and policy; and connecting researchers, policy makers, and others to timely and objective health workforce data and information.

Shawnda Schroeder, PhD, MA

Department of Indigenous Health, University of North Dakota School of Medicine & Health Sciences

Dr. Shawnda Schroeder is an Educator Scholar in the Department of Indigenous Health located within the University of North Dakota’s School of Medicine and Health Sciences. In this role she teaches PhD candidates in qualitative methods, quantitative methods, mixed methods, and program evaluation as they related to Indigenous public health while conducting scholarly research. Prior to this role, Dr. Schroeder was the Associate Director of Research and Evaluation and a Research Associate Professor at the Center for Rural Health, also located at the University of North Dakota’s School of Medicine and Health Sciences. Dr. Schroeder’s research relates to health equity with a focus on access to care and utilization of services. Her area of expertise center of mental health and oral health equity. Dr. Schroeder is the Grand Challenge Champion for the Rural Health and Communities Grand Challenge, is an elected member of the Research Committee for the UND School of Medicine & Health Sciences, is a member of the editorial board for the Journal of Rural Health, and is the recent recipient of the UND Award for Interdisciplinary Collaboration in Research and Creative Activity for her work on the Behavioral Health Bridge.

Stephen Holloway, MPH

Colorado Primary Care Office

Steve Holloway, MPH, is Branch Chief of the Health Access Branch and Director of the Primary Care Office at the Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment. The branch hosts work emphasizing the needs of medically underserved populations and acts through workforce analysis, access to care policy development, health systems data, and practice incentives such as loan repayment. Steve serves on several boards and commissions, which address the needs of the medically underserved including the Colorado Primary Care Payment Reform Collaborative, the Colorado Health Extension Service Steering Committee, and the Sewall Child Development Center where he is Chairman. Steve is a member of the Institutional Review Board for Human Subjects Research at the Department of Health and Environment and was appointed in 2010 by the US Secretary of Health and Human Services to serve on a Negotiated Rule Making Committee chartered under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act.