Expert Workgroup

Clark Ruttinger, MPA, MBA

Utah Medical Education Council

Clark Ruttinger is the Interim Executive Director of the Utah Medical Education Council. In this capacity, Mr. Ruttinger tracks supply, demand and educational program data about Utah’s healthcare workforce and coordinates with stakeholders to develop modeling and usable information to better inform policy and strategic planning decisions. Clark is a past president of the National Forum for State Nursing Workforce Centers. In this capacity he co-authored the 2021 NCSBN National Nursing Sample Survey. He designed and coded a data visualization of the national nursing workforce by state using the survey data.

Mr. Ruttinger has a Masters of Public Administration with emphasis in
Program and Policy Evaluation. He also holds a Masters of Business Administration
with a certificate in Information Systems, both from the University of Utah.


Daniel Derksen, MD

University of Arizona Health Sciences Associate VP for Health Equity, Outreach & Interprofessional Activities

Daniel Derksen is the University of Arizona Health Sciences Associate VP for Health Equity, Outreach & Interprofessional Activities. He is a Professor in the Zuckerman College of Public Health with joint appointments in the Colleges of Medicine and Nursing.

Dr. Derksen was born in Phoenix, attended UArizona for both his B.S. (1979) and M.D. (1984) degrees, did his family medicine residency at the University of New Mexico (1987), and was on the UNM School of Medicine faculty for 25 years. He returned to UArizona in 2012. He was the 2019 College of Medicine Alumnus of the Year.

Dr. Derksen completed a Robert Wood Johnson Health Policy Fellowship in 2007-08 with U.S. Senator Jeff Bingaman (NM). He researched and drafted provisions to improve the supply and distribution of the nation’s health workforce enacted in 2010. Working for Governor Martinez in 2011-12 as Director, NM Office of Health Reform, he established their health insurance exchange, now known as Be Well New Mexico which currently has more than 45,000 enrollees.

Elizabeth Carter, PhD

Virginia Department of Professions, Healthcare Workforce Data Center

Dr. Carter is the Director of the Virginia Department of Health Professions Healthcare Workforce Data Center and Data Analytics Division. Until July 2021, she also served as the Executive Director for the Virginia Board of Health Professions since 2002. She was also its Deputy Executive Director from 1994 to 2002 and Executive Director for the Virginia Board of Optometry and Board of Veterinary Medicine from 1992 to 2009. In 1986, she earned a doctorate in experimental psychology from Virginia Commonwealth University. Between academia and state government, she served as a senior compensation analyst for an international human resources consulting firm and focused on survey research for multiple industries.

Her current responsibilities include overseeing policy research and advising on issues pertaining to the healthcare workforce, regulation of health professions, strategic planning and operations, as well as data governance and analytics. She has directed over 100 studies for Virginia relating to scope of practice, credentialing, board disciplinary decision-making, and healthcare workforce. She has presented at numerous state and national meetings for public- and private-sector organizations and has authored peer-review articles for the Journal of Medical Licensure and Discipline, Journal of Nursing Regulation and Encyclopedia of Educational Research. The Council on Licensure, Enforcement and Regulation, National Governors Association, National Conference of State Legislatures and Council of State Governments have recognized her work for its innovative empirical approach.

Katie Gaul, MA

South Carolina Office for Healthcare Workforce and South Carolina AHEC

Katie Gaul directs the South Carolina Office for Healthcare Workforce (SCOHW), a division of the South Carolina Area Health Education Consortium (SC AHEC). She oversees SCOHW’s research and service portfolio, supports the efforts of SC AHEC, and helps stakeholders across the state with their healthcare workforce data needs. Her work focuses on tracking and describing South Carolina’s healthcare workforce in a way that is grounded in data, relevant to policy, and accessible to a wide audience.

Prior to this role, Katie was a senior policy analyst at the National Governors Association and a research associate with the health workforce and rural health research programs at the Cecil G. Sheps Center for Health Services Research at UNC Chapel Hill. She also served as deputy director of the HRSA-funded Health Workforce Technical Assistance Center based at the Center for Health Workforce Studies at the University of Albany, SUNY. Her expertise is built from assisting in the development of state health workforce data systems in multiple states; supporting state and national projects related to health workforce education, practice, and policy; and connecting researchers, policy makers, and others to timely and objective health workforce data and information.

Shawnda Schroeder, PhD, MA

Department of Indigenous Health, University of North Dakota School of Medicine & Health Sciences

Dr. Shawnda Schroeder is an Educator Scholar in the Department of Indigenous Health located within the University of North Dakota’s School of Medicine and Health Sciences. In this role she teaches PhD candidates in qualitative methods, quantitative methods, mixed methods, and program evaluation as they related to Indigenous public health while conducting scholarly research. Prior to this role, Dr. Schroeder was the Associate Director of Research and Evaluation and a Research Associate Professor at the Center for Rural Health, also located at the University of North Dakota’s School of Medicine and Health Sciences. Dr. Schroeder’s research relates to health equity with a focus on access to care and utilization of services. Her area of expertise center of mental health and oral health equity. Dr. Schroeder is the Grand Challenge Champion for the Rural Health and Communities Grand Challenge, is an elected member of the Research Committee for the UND School of Medicine & Health Sciences, is a member of the editorial board for the Journal of Rural Health, and is the recent recipient of the UND Award for Interdisciplinary Collaboration in Research and Creative Activity for her work on the Behavioral Health Bridge.

Stephen Holloway, MPH

Colorado Primary Care Office

Steve Holloway, MPH, is Branch Chief of the Health Access Branch and Director of the Primary Care Office at the Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment. The branch hosts work emphasizing the needs of medically underserved populations and acts through workforce analysis, access to care policy development, health systems data, and practice incentives such as loan repayment. Steve serves on several boards and commissions, which address the needs of the medically underserved including the Colorado Primary Care Payment Reform Collaborative, the Colorado Health Extension Service Steering Committee, and the Sewall Child Development Center where he is Chairman. Steve is a member of the Institutional Review Board for Human Subjects Research at the Department of Health and Environment and was appointed in 2010 by the US Secretary of Health and Human Services to serve on a Negotiated Rule Making Committee chartered under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act.